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php cli配置文件问题

问题描述

我们这边最先引入了protobuf协议,使用的是allegro/php-protobuf这个扩展安装的。这几天其他同事也要用到这个,于是我将protobuf生成php类库文件的部分放到了一个公共的位置/data/php_proto/文件夹下,里面有这些内容,

drwsrwxr-x 2 yanruitao users 4096 10月 14 17:05 Dmp
-rwxrwxr-x 1 yanruitao users  472 10月 10 17:59 dmp.proto
drwsrwxr-x 2 yanruitao users 4096 10月 10 17:54 ProtobufCompiler
-rwxrwxr-x 1 yanruitao users 2969 3月   9 2015 protoc-php.php

后面两个是必须的,生成pb协议实现类库文件时会用到,前面两个是一个简单的例子,使用也很简单,就像下面这样。

php protoc-php.php -n --psr dmp.proto //-n是使用命名空间,--psr是使用psr-4标准

等同事用的时候发现会报错,

PHP Warning:  file_put_contents(pb_proto_dmp.php): failed to open stream: Permission denied in /data/php_proto/ProtobufCompiler/ProtobufParser.php on line 309

同事问我的时候我直接说,加上sudo就可以了,结果加上sudo问题更严重了,本来装好的扩展程序加载不成功,经过一番排查发下有下面这么一个问题:

$yanruitao: php -i | grep 'php.ini'
$yanruitao: sudo php -i | grep 'php.ini'

两种用户加载的不是同一个配置文件,普通用户加载的是/usr/local/php/lib/php.ini,而root用户加载的是/etc/php.ini这个文件,我看了下这两个文件内容不一致,哈哈,好开心,赶紧把先把/etc/php.ini备份,/usr/local/php/lib/php.ini复制到/etc/php.ini,复制完了之后,我再使用的时候吓我一跳,报了一大堆错误:

PHP Warning:  PHP Startup: Unable to load dynamic library '/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20100525/web_stub_cntl.so' - /usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20100525/web_stub_cntl.so: undefined symbol: zend_new_interned_string in Unknown on line 0

Warning: PHP Startup: Unable to load dynamic library '/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20100525/web_stub_cntl.so' - /usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20100525/web_stub_cntl.so: undefined symbol: zend_new_interned_string in Unknown on line 0
PHP Warning:  PHP Startup: test: Unable to initialize module
Module compiled with module API=20100525
PHP    compiled with module API=20090626
These options need to match
 in Unknown on line 0

Warning: PHP Startup: test: Unable to initialize module
Module compiled with module API=20100525
PHP    compiled with module API=20090626
These options need to match
 in Unknown on line 0
PHP Warning:  PHP Startup: Unable to load dynamic library '/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20100525/protobuf.so' - /usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20100525/protobuf.so: undefined symbol: zend_new_interned_string in Unknown on line 0

Warning: PHP Startup: Unable to load dynamic library '/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20100525/protobuf.so' - /usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20100525/protobuf.so: undefined symbol: zend_new_interned_string in Unknown on line 0
PHP Warning:  PHP Startup: Unable to load dynamic library '/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20100525/imagick.so' - /usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20100525/imagick.so: undefined symbol: zend_new_interned_string in Unknown on line 0

Warning: PHP Startup: Unable to load dynamic library '/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20100525/imagick.so' - /usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20100525/imagick.so: undefined symbol: zend_new_interned_string in Unknown on line 0
PHP Warning:  PHP Startup: Unable to load dynamic library '/data/boss/phpredis-develop/modules/redis.so' - /data/boss/phpredis-develop/modules/redis.so: undefined symbol: zend_new_interned_string in Unknown on line 0

Warning: PHP Startup: Unable to load dynamic library '/data/boss/phpredis-develop/modules/redis.so' - /data/boss/phpredis-develop/modules/redis.so: undefined symbol: zend_new_interned_string in Unknown on line 0
PHP Warning:  PHP Startup: Unable to load dynamic library '/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20100525/curl.so' - /usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20100525/curl.so: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory in Unknown on line 0

Warning: PHP Startup: Unable to load dynamic library '/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20100525/curl.so' - /usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20100525/curl.so: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory in Unknown on line 0
PHP Warning:  PHP Startup: Unable to load dynamic library '/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20100525/fileinfo.so' - /usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20100525/fileinfo.so: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory in Unknown on line 0

Warning: PHP Startup: Unable to load dynamic library '/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20100525/fileinfo.so' - /usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20100525/fileinfo.so: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory in Unknown on line 0
PHP Warning:  PHP Startup: Unable to load dynamic library '/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20100525/gd.so' - /usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20100525/gd.so: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory in Unknown on line 0

Warning: PHP Startup: Unable to load dynamic library '/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20100525/gd.so' - /usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20100525/gd.so: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory in Unknown on line 0
PHP Warning:  PHP Startup: Unable to load dynamic library '/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20100525/json.so' - /usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20100525/json.so: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory in Unknown on line 0

Warning: PHP Startup: Unable to load dynamic library '/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20100525/json.so' - /usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20100525/json.so: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory in Unknown on line 0
PHP Warning:  PHP Startup: Unable to load dynamic library '/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20100525/phar.so' - /usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20100525/phar.so: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory in Unknown on line 0

Warning: PHP Startup: Unable to load dynamic library '/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20100525/phar.so' - /usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20100525/phar.so: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory in Unknown on line 0
PHP Warning:  PHP Startup: Unable to load dynamic library '/data/boss/phpredis-develop/modules/redis.so' - /data/boss/phpredis-develop/modules/redis.so: undefined symbol: zend_new_interned_string in Unknown on line 0

Warning: PHP Startup: Unable to load dynamic library '/data/boss/phpredis-develop/modules/redis.so' - /data/boss/phpredis-develop/modules/redis.so: undefined symbol: zend_new_interned_string in Unknown on line 0
PHP Warning:  PHP Startup: Unable to load dynamic library '/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20100525/zip.so' - /usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20100525/zip.so: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory in Unknown on line 0

Warning: PHP Startup: Unable to load dynamic library '/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20100525/zip.so' - /usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20100525/zip.so: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory in Unknown on line 0
protoc-php.php requires protobuf extension installed to run

这让我摸不着头脑了。

时间过去了好久,没有发现任何突破,却发现了一个备用的解决这个问题的方案,修改/data/php_proto/文件夹权限为0775,其他普通用户就可以直接使用了,不用加sudo(这个是我的错,忘记修改文件夹权限了,这也让我发现了这个诡异的问题)

chmod -R 0775 /data/php_proto

看了报的这些错误,大部分都是扩展的问题,有的是扩展加载不成功,有的是扩展不存在,我就纳闷了,为什么普通用户可以,root用户就不可以。

看到root用户php -i的时候,配置文件的地方跟非root用户有不一致的地方:

//非root
Scan this dir for additional .ini files => (none)
Additional .ini files parsed => (none)

//root
Scan this dir for additional .ini files => /etc/php.d
Additional .ini files parsed => /etc/php.d/curl.ini,
......

命名加载的是一样的配置文件怎么加载之后的内容就不一样呢?
搜了半天,知道了报的错里面有部分是跟这个有关系的,但是这个在哪里修改搜了老久也没有搜到。

忽然想到root用户和非root用户使用的php可执行文件是不一致的

root => /usr/bin/php
非root => /usr/local/bin/php

尝试着对这两个文件使用了php -v,结果下了我一跳,root用户的版本是5.3.3,非root用户是5.4.6,呵呵,我就呵呵了,谁部署的环境~,坑人啊。

尝试着将原有/usr/bin/php备份后,复制/usr/local/bin/php过来覆盖掉,在使用php -v发现版本一致了,也不报错了,再次去执行php protoc-php.php -n --psr dmp.proto,发现all is well,至此问题解决。

纠结了半天,结果就是版本的问题。

总结

多思考,多换个角度思考。
做事要完善啊,别给后辈留下一些诡异问题←_←。

来自  http://www.cnblogs.com/iforever/p/4878362.html


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